Civil Society Groups Call on UN to Investigate Santa Rita Dam in Guatemala
This month, Guatemalan and international civil society organisations have asked UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples to support indigenous communities threatened with imminent and serious harm by the Santa Rita hydroelectric dam in Guatemala which was registered under the UN’s carbon offsetting scheme in June 2014. Numerous violations against the indigenous Q’eqchi´ and Poqomchí communities have been reported prior to and since project approval resulting in several injuries and deaths.
The Santa Rita hydroelectric dam is under development on the Icbolay River, in the municipality of Cobán, in the Alta Verapaz region of Guatemala. Over the past years, tensions over the lack of public consultation between the indigenous communities and the project developers have resulted in several human rights violations, including the deaths of seven people killed, amongst them two children of 11 and 13 years.
The Executive Board of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) approved the project in June 2014 despite repeated concerns and continued letters providing evidence about the violation of community consultation rights which are at the heart of the Guatemalan Peace Agreement on Identity and Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
Maximo Ba´ from the Consejo de Pueblos de Tezulutlán commented "The UN have double standards: on the one side they promote human and indigenous people rights and on the other side, they give incentives to actors and projects that outage them."
In August 2014, a repressive operation with more than 1500 police officers was initiated against the Q’eqchi´ communities of Cobán, Chisec and Raxruhá, opposed to the Santa Rita hydroelectric project and fighting for the nationalization of the electricity sector, to dismantle a peaceful blockade of about 200 indigenous families and arrest 4 human rights defenders, resulting in further injuries and deaths.
The private equity fund Latin Renewables Infrastructure Fund (LRIF) provides finance for the construction of Santa Rita Hydroelectric Plant. The German development finance institution (DEG), the Netherlands Development Finance Company (FMO), the International Finance Corporation (IFC), the Spanish Agency for International Cooperation (AECID) and the Swiss Investment Fund for Emerging Markets (SIFEM) are investors in the fund.
"These banks have obligations to ensure that their activities protect the rights of those affected by development projects -- the IFC and others have clearly violated these rights and their safeguard policies that are in place to prevent such harms,"commented Alyssa Johl from the Centre for International Environmental Law.
In an appeal to support the indigenous peoples, 29 civil society organisations have called on the UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Victoria Tauli-Corpuz to urgently address the Government of Guatemala, requesting information regarding present and future plans for this project and the appropriate measures being undertaken by the Government to address serious threats of harm to indigenous peoples impacted by the project.
In an effort to assess the CDM’s impact and to make the CDM "fit for the future," a high-level panel on the CDM policy dialogue elaborated recommendations including the establishment of a grievance mechanism for local stakeholders to address social and environmental concerns and to facilitate the resolution of issues after the registration of a project.
"The Santa Rita project shows that the current CDM rules in place are not enough to uphold human rights. After two years of inaction, the CDM Board must finally take initiative at the upcoming UNFCCC negotiations in Lima and urgently implement safeguards including a robust grievance mechanism for people adversely impacted by CDM projects," added Eva Filzmoser, Director of Carbon Market Watch.